I think it's probably a good idea for me to write down what I believe in politically, as to remove all further doubt. I get asked this a lot and people often get confused about what I believe in. So, this should set the record straight.
I am more or less guided by the principles of Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill (although his later life). I am a strong believer in utilitarianism (although I disagree with Jeremy Bentham's stance on natural rights), and liberal socialism is more or less where I stand economically.
I think describing what I actually mean will be more informative than referencing people you've likely not read.
Economics is where I probably stand out as the most left-wing.
I believe money is the best means man has devised to convert labour and work into a useful asset. But it needs tight controls. The era of digital currency makes this easier than ever to implement; certainly much easier than in years past, where assets could be hidden easily. I believe thus, things like Bitcoin are actively harmful to the health of the financial system.
A minimum income should exist, that approximates the average GDP per capita.
I am a strong believer in syndicates and unions. The worker is only as strong as his union, in my view. They serve as a powerful balancing force against any tyranny from companies, and ought to be heavily protected by the government from unfair action. I do think, though, unions should uphold their end of the bargain, by only demanding what is reasonable. When the union demans unreasonable concessions, the union can become harmful to society as a whole. Which brings me to my next belief...
I believe workers ought to have a fundamental right to a living wage and just compensation for their labour. All workers, part time, full time, or even contractor, ought to be entitled to the same benefits. This eliminates the part-time and gig economy incentives that so many companies have taken advantage of.
Unemployment insurance should be strong and considered no-fault in all cases.
I believe in enterprise, but I am against big enterprise. I believe large enterprises can serve to stifle innovation; and in fact, I believe in modern capitalism they have, through abuses of the patent and trademark systems. A hundred thousand small businesses with a capitalisation of $10k are worth more than a big business worth $1bn. I believe innovation that would otherwise be done by big businesses should be encouraged through incentives to work together and risk pooling. Large enterprises should be prevented by putting a capital ceiling up through a very progressive tax that levels off all income at a given market cap.
Anyone should be allowed to start a business, but employee hiring is contingent upon the ability to guarantee the rights of the worker.
I believe the government should incentivise non-traditional work (including non-traditional hours), and promote the arts and sciences through public works and incentives. We can make the "starving artist" a thing of the past this way, and give "backyard inventors" a helping hand.
Businesses that are involved in agriculture or natural resources ought to be subject to local planning commissions and laws.
Regulation ought to work on utilitarian principles: "the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest amount of people." There are proven abuses in business, so they require more regulation than people. I believe the main means of regulation ought to be from regulation of resources; limiting or stripping a company of assets and resources can be a powerful means to control corporations and keep them in line.
Personal wealth ought to be capped like business wealth: with a progressive tax. Dreams of wealth often lead to sociopathic behaviour to achieve it. This should be disincentivised.
I believe in personal property, including the right to own your own home, and a reasonable amount of land. However, all resources are owned by the commons, and exploitation is subject to agreements from the government (including the right for multiple exploitees of the resource).
The government should do its best to maximise personal freedom and minimise harm done to others. Maximum amount of happiness for the maximum amount of people.
Law and order
The principle of the land ought to be, "the rights of one person end where another person's or animal's begin." This is the other big role of the government: to ensure the public safety, but to do so fairly and to minimuse abuse.
Justice ought to work on the principle of reformation, not punitive action, with no ruinous fines imposed.
Other than economics and the above principle, the government should have no right to interfere with what others do, unless there's a pressing need or to carry out a criminal's reformation. I understand sometimes quarantine is needed and vaccination only works if everyone is vaccinated; this is why these rights should only be overridden if it is in the public interest and after consultation with the public (perhaps via referendum).
Government should be a representative democracy, since many people get fatigued of constant motions that they know nothing about and having to continuously vote on them. Election ought to be via allotment; that is to say, there is no election. People are simply chosen at random from the eligible population (adult, non-criminal, of sound mind, etc.). They serve their terms, then return to being normal people. Removal can be effected by recall.
There could be an elected upper chamber, but it should be much smaller.
Districting should be in fixed-size parcels related to a regular hexagonal tesselation or something similar, not something open to human manipulation. The assembly should be large, though not excessively so. A ratio of about 10,000 to 1 for people to representatives is probably sufficient.
There is a national, local, and district government in this model. Power increases as you get smaller.
The people ought to be able to overturn the will of the assembly through a direct initative, and amend their constitution through a supermajority.
Policing and justice
Policing is necessary in any civilised state; but it should be accountable to the people. People should have the right to recall any officer for any time. The head of police must be approved by the district assembly or such. Judges are appointed similarly.
I think that about covers my beliefs. This is pretty comprehensive and wordy. I might amend this later to add more.